The Mexican Land Grants as shown on an 1873 Atascosa County Map (formerly the mission ranch).  COURTESY PHOTO |  ATASCOSA HISTORICAL COMMISSION

The Mexican Land Grants as proven on an 1873 Atascosa County Map (previously the mission ranch). COURTESY PHOTO | ATASCOSA HISTORICAL COMMISSION

Half III- El Rancho Del Atascoso

Atascosa County has a number of rivers and creeks. The primary waterway is, in fact, The Atascosa River; the previous flowing river that attracted John Bowen to Pleasanton. Then you might have the creeks: Palo Alto, Agua Negra, Siestedero, Santa Anna, Las Gallinas, Galvan (Magdalena), San Miguel, Rutledge, Turkey, Salt Department, Borrego, La Parita, Lagunillas, Lucas, Bonita, Tordilla and Elm. The rivers and creeks as soon as flowed and served because the attraction for livestock. Ranchers and farmers used this to their benefit and made probably the most of it. Ranchers had cattle and wanted employees. Cowboys had been their workforce. Though the cowboys probably by no means wore Stetsons, Retro Wranglers or tengallon hats, they had been probably very resourceful and profitable.

El Rancho Del Atascoso was a mission ranch after a failed try was made to boost Mission San Jose in Atascosa County, someplace alongside the Atascosa River. Ultimately, Mission San Jose was profitable close to Bejar, alongside the San Antonio River. The Mission Ranch (El Rancho Del Atascoso) declined after Mission San Jose was not of non secular use within the late 1790’s. The Mission Ranch was operated by clergymen and the native natives had been the employees of the ranch. At one level the Mission Ranch boasted 1,000 branded cattle, 3,276 sheep and 1,500 yokes of oxen. Expert Indian cowboys cared for the massive livestock whereas the aged natives made weapons and instruments. This ranch was a well-run machine because it raised crops and used the close by water to create an aqueduct system. The ranch headquarters have but to be archaeologically found. Nonetheless, there’s a very descriptive space of ​​the general ranch location and land protection.

The Mexican Land Grants overlaid on a modern Atascosa County map.  These land grants were once El Rancho de Atascosa.  COURTESY PHOTO |  ATASCOSA HISTORICAL COMMISSION

The Mexican Land Grants overlaid on a contemporary Atascosa County map. These land grants had been as soon as El Rancho de Atascosa. COURTESY PHOTO | ATASCOSA HISTORICAL COMMISSION

In response to Choose Robert Thonhoff’s analysis, the Mission Ranch was issued as Mexican land grants to 5 dignitaries of the Mexican Authorities in San Antonio de Bejar. These land grants had been issued to Jose Antonio Navarro, Jose Maria Salinas, Juan N. Seguin, Joaquin De La Garza, and Ignacio Herrera. When you personal land in Atascosa County anyplace from FM 1333 due east close to Leming on Hwy 281, you almost certainly dwell on land that was as soon as the Mission Ranch. Your deed will checklist the survey that was as soon as a land grant, and if any of these names are listed, you reside on the previous ranchland. The ranch took up the entire flowing waterways, together with rivers and creeks, to make use of for the ranch: The Atascosa, Galvan, Las Gallinas, Salt Department, Agua Negra, Palo Alto, Elm and Rutledge.

Now, think about this for a minute. This ranch encompassed all of that water for a big space of ​​ranching and farming. The native cowboys working the cattle from totally different areas of the ranch will need to have been decked in probably the most primitive types of gear, similar to chaps, spurs, ropes, saddles, and so forth. This could be the origins of the modern-day cowboy in Atascosa County. They weren’t Anglo, Hispanic or Black, however Coahuiltecans, Pastia and Papopa Indians. Form of places a damper on the previous recreation “cowboys & Indians,” do not it?

Hollywood has programmed us to imagine that there are two totally different ethnicities in terms of cowboys and Indians. One is an American hero; the opposite is a blood thirsty savage. When in actuality, the Native People had been our first cowboys right here in Atascosa County, and, probably, had been emulated of their work and practices. Within the close to future, we hope to memorialize without end, these working primitive cowboys by the use of a historic marker that can sit on the publish marker of two of these land grants talked about above. That is in entrance of an previous oak tree (the precise publish marker named within the land grants) on the intersection of Freeway 16 and FM 476.


Now, I do know the previous few sections had been filled with historical past and plenty of info. Even at that, I’ll have left somebody out. There may be an excessive amount of cowboy historical past right here. If we highlighted each cowboy, we might spend a really very long time overlaying them. So, I used the historical past that I’ve collected all through the previous few years from contributors prepared to speak and share. I additionally used analysis from cowboy sources since this can be a characteristic about Pleasanton and the Birthplace of the Cowboy.